Periodontal Disease – What is it?
Gum and bone (periodontal) disease is an infection of the tissues and bone that support our teeth. Our gums aren’t attached to the teeth as strongly as we might think. A shallow, triangular space exists between our teeth and the gums. Periodontal disease affects this space, unfortunately, because this process is often painless, a person may be unaware a problem exists.
Gum disease is an infection and inflammation of the gums caused by plaque, a bacteria that builds up on teeth. The most common symptoms of gum diseases are:
- bad breath
- bleeding, red, swollen gums
- recession of the gum and bone
- abscesses between teeth and gums
- increased spacing between teeth
- loose teeth
- pain (in advanced cases)